Getting to Know Your Bass

18 02 2010

Okay. You’ve got a bass, an amp and a set of earplugs for your roommate: You’re ready to go. But before you can really begin interacting with your bass, you should take a moment to get to know it on the next level. Think about it like a third date: You already know the basics of your instrument, but it’s time to take things a step further.

That’s right. It’s time to get to second base with your bass.

The Anatomy of a Bass

The bass is a type of guitar, but rather than having six strings, a traditional bass has four (you will see a lot of basses with five or even six strings, but I still prefer the good old-fashioned four-stringers, so that’s what I’ll be focusing on). Bass is an octave lower than guitar, providing the ribcage-rattling sounds we know and love.


Strings and Tuning

Bass is typically tuned EADG, with the E string being the lowest and fattest string, and the G string being the highest and thinnest.

To put new strings on your bass, you will probably want a string winder, preferably equipped with a pair of string cutters (if not, just use cheap wire cutters). Also, don’t forget an electronic tuner to tune up your bass’s new strings. These usually run about $10-$20, but they come in handy.

Step One: Inspect your bass with a close, careful eye. Pay attention to how the strings are currently wound onto the tuning pegs. Look at how many times the strings are wrapped onto the post (the fatter the strings, the less they can wrap around—never overlap the string onto itself: it should only touch the tuning post). Find the ball end of the string (the end with the nut on it), and see how it fits inside the bridge.

Step Two: Take a string off (some people do all four at once; I prefer one at a time) by using your string winder and unwinding the string until it’s loose. Then, using your fingers, gently unwind it from the tuning post and slide it out through the bridge.

Step Three: Clean the fretboard with a dry cloth or one with a light application of fretboard cleaner on it.

Step Four: Everyone does this step differently, but I find that comparing the length of your old string to the new one (and subsequently cutting the new one to a similar length) is a helpful way to avoid problems down the road. Lay your new string next to the same one you’ve just taken off the bass. Then use the string/wire cutters to trim it to a slightly longer length than the old string (bass strings stretch over time). Keep in mind that it’s better to leave the string too long and have to repeat this step than to cut it too short and have to buy another set of strings.

Step Five: Place the nut of the new string through the bridge. Maintain tension on the string so it doesn’t slip out. Keeping it taut, place the other end of the string through the groove designed to hold it in the tuning key. Then, using your string winder, wind the string slowly and carefully around the tuning post, making sure that the string isn’t overlapping itself. Repeat until your bass is sporting all-new strings!

Step Six: Tune your bass with the electronic tuner. You don’t always have to rely on this handy-dandy piece of equipment, however: If your E string is in tune (you can do this with a piano or keyboard, ask a guitar player to play an E, or use an electronic tuning website), you can use what’s called the “Fifth Fret Method.”

The Fifth Fret Method: Place your finger on the fifth fret of the (already in tune) E string. Hit that note. Then hit the open A string. If your bass is in tune, they should be the exact same note. And so on: the fifth fret of the A string is the same note as an open D; the fifth fret of the D string is an open G. This site provides more detailed instructions about how to use this method.

Et voilà! You’re ready to rock with some basic knowledge of bass anatomy, new strings and bass tuning skills that would make  Bill Wyman give you a hearty pat on the back.